If Centrelink has paid you more money than you were supposed to get, you will probably have to pay it back – even if it wasn’t your fault. This is called a Centrelink debt.

If you’ve lost the debt letter, you can contact Centrelink and ask for a copy. It’s important to have a copy of the letter so you can see the reason for the debt and the exact debt amount. The letter will also tell you the date when interest will begin being charged if you haven’t contacted Centrelink.

You will probably find out you have a Centrelink debt when you receive a letter in the mail or on your app. The letter looks a bit like an invoice.

It will tell you the amount of the debt, when it’s from, and some basic details about why there is a debt.

It will also say the debt needs to be paid in 28 days. Don’t panic! You don’t need to pay the whole amount in 28 days. You just need to contact Centrelink and arrange for repayments to start.

It might seem like you should check whether you have a debt before you start making repayments, but it can take some time to work out whether you have a debt or not. It’s important to start repayments within 28 days so you’re not charged interest.

Starting to repay your debt doesn’t mean you agree there is a debt. If you appeal your debt and you’re successful – anything you’ve paid will be paid back to you.

1. Contact Centrelink to start repayments

Contact Centrelink within 28 days of getting the letter or they can add 10% to your debt.

You can contact Centrelink’s debt recovery line on 1800 076 072  – Monday to Friday, 8am to 5pm. You can contact Centrelink’s Indigenous debt recovery line on 1800 138 193 – Monday to Friday, 9am to 5pm. 

If you are getting a Centrelink payment, you can slowly repay the debt out of your regular payments. Centrelink will usually take 15% of your fortnightly payment but you can ask them to take less. If you are having a difficult time paying even a small amount, you can ask for your debt repayments to be paused.

If you get your repayment amount reduced, you will probably have to contact Centrelink every 3 months to stop your repayments going back up to the 15% rate.

You can also make extra payments to pay off the debt more quickly. 

You can contact Centrelink at any time to change your repayment amount by ringing the Indigenous debt recovery line, or you can use myGov or the Express Plus Centrelink mobile app.

If you don’t get a Centrelink payment, you will need to contact Centrelink to set up a repayment plan. 

2. Work out whether you really have a debt … or not

Just because Centrelink says you have a debt doesn’t mean that’s correct. Even if there is a debt it may be unfair to make you repay the money. 

You can ask Centrelink for more details but the person you talk to may not have access to all the information about your debt. Remember, getting information from Centrelink is not the same as independent legal advice. Please call us if you need advice.

Yes, Centrelink can take money from your wages or bank account but they will only do this if you don’t have a repayment arrangement. They can also take some or all of your tax refund – before it gets to you.

If you don’t agree with Centrelink or if paying back the debt seems unfair, you can appeal. 

The process is free and quite simple but it can also make matters worse because:

  • when Centrelink investigates, they can increase the debt amount
  • anything you tell Centrelink can be used later if there is a decision to prosecute

It’s very important to get legal advice before you appeal.

Find out more about how to appeal here.

If Centrelink thinks you have deliberately lied or kept information from them, they can refer your case to the Director of Public Prosecution.

Centrelink will usually ask you to attend an interview or make a statement when they’re looking into your case. It is very important you get advice before attending. We might advise you not to attend because Centrelink can’t force you to talk about what’s happened in the past.

If you receive a summons saying you have been charged with an offence and have to go to court, it’s important that you get legal advice ASAP.

You will usually have to repay the Centrelink debt even if you are prosecuted and convicted.

In welcome news – the Government stopped using debt collectors for Centrelink debts from 1 July 2023.

People who previously had a Centrelink debt with a debt collection agency should have been contacted by now to arrange new repayment plans through Services Australia.

If you have not been contacted or you have concerns about your Centrelink debt, contact Centrelink’s Indigenous debt recovery line on 1800 138 193.


You can find out more about dealing with Centrelink debts here.

Social Security Debt Help. Social Security Rights Victoria have created a a free online resource to help you understand Centrelink debts.